Critical measures, S-curves and G-functions
Curves with a special symmetry property (S-property) in a harmonic external eld play an important role in
several elds of modern analysis such as approximation theory, orthogonal polynomials and nonlinear PDE.
Such curves are also connected to a number of classical problems in geometric theory of analytic functions
(moduli problems, quadratic dierentials and so on).
Equilibrium measures of S-curves are critical measures which connect them to a large class of equilibrium
problems for logarithmic potential. On the other hand, potentials of those measures (g-functions) may be
also dened in terms of certain boundary value problems.
The lecture will review some of above mentioned connections and, in particular, some of the old and
new result on the existence problem for S-curves.